All About Apples

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Apple Tutorial -- Essential information about the different types and varieties of apples, plus tips on buying, storing and cooking with apples.
Apples and Autumn were made for each other! Who can imagine the season without freshly baked apple pies, fresh apple cider, caramelized apples, an apple for the teacher, or the old tradition of bobbing for apples at Halloween?

With stores and local farm stands loaded with a wide assortment, you may feel challenged in choosing what kinds of apples to buy. How you will use them is as important in making this decision as personal taste.

What Kindapples
For eating straight from the bushel basket, crisp, juicy, tangy varieties are best. Red Delicious is the most popular eating apple, though you may prefer a denser Granny Smith, a softer-fleshed McIntosh, or the distinctive taste of local farm varieties like Newton, Pippin, Macoun or Sweet Sixteen. And, no matter how much you like them, avoid using Red Delicious in cooking, which turns them into bland mush.

For sauce, McIntosh is moist and has good flavor. Cortlands are also good because their sweetness means adding less sugar; Braeburns are good, too.

applesRome is a good baking apple as they hold their shape and have room for lots of filling. You can also try baking with Fuijis, which are sweeter and wetter, with a slightly spicy flavor.

For pies, a mix of apples is best. Include Golden Delicious for sweetness and good shape, a tart apple like the


green Granny Smith, and some flavorful varieties like the Pippin, Winesap, Crispin and Jonagold.

How Much to Buy
When deciding how many apples to buy, figure 2 large, 3 medium or 4 small apples to the pound.

For sauce, a large apple yields 3/4 cup, a medium one cup, and a small apple, 1/3 cup. For pies, most recipes call for 6 to 8 apples, but you can always use 8 large or 10 smaller ones.

Remember to always store apples in the fridge, where they keep 10 times as long as they do at room temperature.

In addition to writing the Diabetic Dining on Fabulous Foods, Marilyn Helton is also the editor of Cinnamon Hearts, a wonderful cooking site dedicated to diabetics.